Course: Risk Management Focus: Professional Boundaries
Author: Rosemary Gafner
AMA PRA Category 1 credits: 2
Estimated Hours to Complete Course: 1.50
Estimated Minutes to Complete Test: 30
Course Release Date: 7/1/2015
Course Expiration Date: 12/31/2021
An examination of issues relating to boundary violations that may affect physician liability.

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Risk Management Focus:

Professional Boundaries



A review of state medical boards’ records revealed that between 90 and 100 physicians are disciplined annually for sexual abuse or sexual misconduct with a patient.  Given the serious nature and possible consequences of the behavior, it is necessary to review the reasons for the prohibition and provide guidance to physicians on how to handle potentially risky patient situations.


Upon completion of this course, a physician should be able to:

1. Distinguish between sexual harassment and sexual misconduct.
2. Recognize warning signs of potential boundary violations.
3. Formulate a plan for avoiding potential boundary violations.

 Target Audience

This course is designed for physicians who want to learn how to avoid boundary violations and their consequences.


This is a self-study course consisting of text and CME test.  Physicians should read the course content, answer the test questions and submit the answers for scoring.  Those who complete the course with a score of 80 percent or higher will earn a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 creditsTM.


This course was developed by Rosemary Gafner, Ed.D.  Dr. Gafner’s CV is available on request or online at

CME Information

Medical Risk Management, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing education for physicians.  Medical Risk Management, Inc.designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 creditsTM.  Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


Estimated time to complete this course: 2 hours.

Commercial Support

This activity was developed without support from any commercial interest.


No one in a position to influence course content has anything to disclose.

Please check with your insurance carrier for approved courses before registering.  Courses not approved by your insurance carrier will not be accepted by them for any discounts they may offer.